Fort Worth, TX (WiredPRNews.com)—America’s pastime seems to be a sport that perplexes some and enthralls others. Here’s an overview of how the hitting and scoring aspect of baseball works.
Two teams, comprised of nine players each, face off with one offensive player, called a batter, trying to hit a pitched ball past the defensive players so he can get on base. When the batter makes contact with the ball with the bat and safely gets on base, it is called a ‘hit.’
If the batter hits the ball and safely gets to first base, the hit is called a ‘single’. If he gets to second, it’s a ‘double’ and if he gets to third base, it’s known as a ‘triple.’ Of course, most folks have heard of a home run, which is what happens when the batter is able to reach first, second, third and home plate after hitting the ball.
When a batter is on base he’s referred to as a ‘runner.’ Whenever a runner crosses the plate, he scores one run (point) for his team. If there are runners on base when he hits the ball, the batter may be able to drive in multiple runs. For instance, in a scenario where there are runners on second and third base a hit could bring in the two runners. This would be a two-run base hit.
Nicknamed ‘homers,’ most happen when the batter sends the ball over the outfield fence and out of play. However, once in a while an exceptionally fast batter who hits the ball into the right spot can get an inside-the-park homerun. If a batter hits a home run while the bases are loaded —meaning there are runners on all the bases—it’s called a grand slam.
Another aspect to hitting is something called bunting. This is where the batter does not swing at the ball but holds the bat so the ball bounces off of the bat. Usually this is done to advance a runner from first to second base. This is called a sacrifice bunt. But sometimes a fast batter who bunts the ball into the right spot can get on base. This is called an infield hit.