The commitment to deliver hundreds of millions of vaccine doses to poor countries is seen as an effort to address China’s growing vaccine diplomacy.
The group of seven leaders is committed to delivering hundreds of millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccines to the world’s poorest countries.
The head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, criticized wealthy nations in February, saying the distribution was “terribly irregular and unfair” and warned of what he called “vaccine nationalism” and “vaccine hoarding.”
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has said the pandemic is a “scandalous disparity” in the distribution of vaccines and is perpetuating it.
The commitments are also seen as an effort to confront China, which is one of the world’s largest economies, but not part of the G7.
If China has it he sent vaccines to 66 countries as aid, According to the state news agency Xinhua, and is committed to providing 10 million doses to COVAX, which is sponsored by the Global Alliance on Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
COVAX aims to secure two billion doses of vaccine for lower-income countries by the end of 2021.
Prior to this week’s new commitments, only 150 million doses were ordered from COVAX, a far cry from the 250 million needed by the end of September.
Below are the G7 commitments so far:
United States of America
US President Joe Biden wants to buy and give away Pfizer 500 million doses coronavirus vaccine in more than 90 countries. He also called on the world’s democracies to help end the pandemic.
Pfizer, a US drug company and its German partner BioNTech, will deliver 200 million doses in 2021 and 300 million doses in the first half of 2022, after which the United States will distribute them to 92 low-income countries and the African Union.
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine requires two doses and should be stored at very low temperatures.
Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said “the G7 will commit to distributing vaccines to vaccinate the world by the end of next year, with millions coming out of surplus stocks in the UK”.
The UK has primarily used the two-shot AstraZeneca vaccine for its population, developed in conjunction with Oxford University.
The UK says G7 leaders will agree to provide a billion-dollar dose to share and fund the end of the pandemic in 2022.
Johnson has pledged to deliver at least 100 million surplus coronavirus vaccine doses next year, including five million in the coming weeks.
The AstraZeneca vaccine, which is inexpensive and easy to transport, is a key component of the COVAX program.
EU – including Germany, France and Italy
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has said the European Union wants to give at least 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine to low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2021.
This includes a commitment by France and Germany to provide 30 million doses, while Italy will provide 15 million doses.
France also said it had donated 184,000 doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to Senegal through its COVAX vaccine sharing program.
Japan has said it will provide about 30 million doses of vaccines created in the country through COVAX.
Taiwan was created from the first year of the pandemic without much damage he started fighting an apparition last month.
Reuters news agency reported that Canada is in the process of negotiating overdoses through COVAX, although it has not yet made public its firm commitment to donations, or how much money it intends to donate.